Early Identification and Intervention

What is an early intervention program?

  • Designed For Children from 0-3 years of age
  • 30-40 hours per week
  • Should be “individualized” to meet each child’s specific needs
  • Uses research–based principle to improve desirable behaviours and reduce undesirable behaviours (applied behaviour analysis)
  • Highly trained therapists and/or teachers deliver the intervention under the supervision of an experienced professional
  • Play-based and uses reinforcement based strategies to improve behaviour
  • Involves data collection to track progress
  • Design to make learning fun
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Aakaar celebrates International Day of Disabled People

International Day of Disabled People

International Day of People with Disability on December 3 each year is an international observance promoted by the United Nations since 1992. The day aims to promote an understanding of disability issues and mobilize support for the dignity, rights and well-being of persons with disabilities.

The aim of Disability Day is to encourage a better understanding of people affected by a disability, together with helping to make people more aware of the rights, dignity and welfare of disabled people, as well as raise awareness about the benefits of integrating disabled persons into every aspect of life, from economic, to political, to social and cultural. Disability Day is not concerned exclusively with either mental or physical disabilities, but rather encompasses all known disabilities, from Autism to Down syndrome to Multiple Sclerosis.

One such movement is made by Aakaar child development center to increase Awareness about Autism so that early intervention can be promoted. The current video developed by the team of Aakaar professionals for every autistic parent.

Video Contents for Red Flags:

The following red flags may indicate a child is at risk for autism spectrum disorder, and is in need of an immediate evaluation.
In clinical terms, there are a few “absolute indicators,” often referred to as “red flags,” which indicate a child should be evaluated. For a parent, these are the “red flags” your child should be screened to ensure that s/he is on the right developmental path.

Red Flags of Autism Spectrum Disorder:

If your child shows two or more of these signs, please ask your pediatric healthcare provider for an immediate evaluation.

Impairment in Social Interaction:

  • Lack of appropriate eye gaze
  • Lack of warm, joyful expressions
  • Lack of sharing interest or enjoyment
  • Lack of response to name

Impairment in Communication:

  • Lack of showing gestures
  • Lack of coordination of nonverbal communication
  • Unusual prosody (little variation in pitch, odd intonation, irregular rhythm,
    unusual voice quality)

Repetitive Behaviors & Restricted Interests:

  • Repetitive movements with objects
  • Repetitive movements or posturing of body, arms, hands, or fingers
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What is selective mutism?

Selective mutism

Selective mutism :  is a disorder that usually occurs during childhood. It is when the child does not to speak in at least one social setting. However, the child can speak in other situations. Selective mutism typically occurs before a child is 5 years old and is usually first noticed when the child starts school.


  • consistent failure to speak in specific social situations (in which there is an expectation for speaking, such as at school) despite speaking in other situations.
  • not speaking interferes with school or work, or with social communication.
  • lasts at least 1 month (not limited to the first month of school).
  • failure to speak is not due to a lack of knowledge of, or comfort, with the spoken language required in the social situation
  • not due to a communication disorder (e.g., stuttering). It does not occur exclusively during the course of a pervasive developmental disorder (PPD), schizophrenia, or other psychotic disorder.
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CBSE Guidelines for Children with Special Needs (CWSN)

Schools affiliated to CBSE were advised(Circular No. 45 dated 29th October,2008) to ensure that no child with special needs is denied admission in main stream schools, it has been observed that there are many schools affiliated to CBSE who are not  by them.

There seems to be a misconception among schools and school authorities on various issues pertaining to children with special needs. The children with special needs face challenges in learning as they may not be able to focus on the teacher during classroom interaction or their pace of learning may vary. Moreover social skills and emotional skills may need to be further strengthened.

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