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What is selective mutism?

Selective mutism

Selective mutism :  is a disorder that usually occurs during childhood. It is when the child does not to speak in at least one social setting. However, the child can speak in other situations. Selective mutism typically occurs before a child is 5 years old and is usually first noticed when the child starts school.

Symptoms

  • consistent failure to speak in specific social situations (in which there is an expectation for speaking, such as at school) despite speaking in other situations.
  • not speaking interferes with school or work, or with social communication.
  • lasts at least 1 month (not limited to the first month of school).
  • failure to speak is not due to a lack of knowledge of, or comfort, with the spoken language required in the social situation
  • not due to a communication disorder (e.g., stuttering). It does not occur exclusively during the course of a pervasive developmental disorder (PPD), schizophrenia, or other psychotic disorder.
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Notes of lecture

Communication : It is the flow of messages. Language is its marvelous vehicle. It could be verbal and non – verbal. It includes listening, speaking, gesturing, reading and writing

hearing

Languagee is a code made up of rules that include what words mean, how to make words, how to put them together, and what word combinations are best in what situations. Speech is the oral form of language

When a person cannot understand the language code: receptive difficulty

When a person does not know language rules to share thoughts, ideas and feelings completely: Expressive Difficulty

 

Speech: It is an oral form of Language. Speech disorders can be categorized in three major categories: Articulation disorder,Voice disorder and Fluency disorder.

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Language Assessment

Definition of Language

  • Special kind of code
  • Standard code consists of set of symbols
  • Can be connected to words and phrases
  • When we crack a code.
  • Understand the code
  • Need to understand the code that we are translating it into.
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Hearing Impairment

How do we hear?

  • Hearing loss is one of the most common health handicapping conditions among children and adults. The hearing sense is the cornerstone upon which our unique human communication system is built.
  • This hearing handicap therefore makes it very difficult for people to learn to speak a language, which impairs their ability to communicate naturally with other people. It also has a detrimental effect on personality and emotional development.
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